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#8 Dolch Antonyms

Lesson Title/Subject/Grade Level
Dolch Antonyms
Grades 1, 2, and 3

Materials Needed
- Printing paper and pencils
- On the chalk board, print the following Dolch words, vertically:

First Grade Words  Second and Third Grade Words
big  far
boy  before
come  under
stop  always
up  came
here  drink
in  cold
me  first
run  found
no  day
good  off
he  start
new  these
father  bring
cat  brother

Cover the words with paper until the instruction part of the lesson begins.

Goal Statement
Students will learn what antonyms are and use known Dolch sight words as antonyms.

State Standard Addressed
In this section, the teacher cites the state standard focused on in the lesson.

Review Previous Skills
Review the Dolch words, which should have been introduced prior to this lesson.

Anticipatory Set
The teacher should say, "Have you ever played a game in which you had to think of words that were opposites? For example, one person might say 'hot' and the other person would say the opposite, 'cold.' Or, one person could say 'stop' and the other one would answer 'go.' Today we are going to learn about words that are opposites."

The teacher says, "Opposites are two words that have completely different meanings, like 'love' and 'hate' or 'sad' and 'happy'."

"Can anyone think of two words that are opposites?" Call on several children to answer the question.

The teacher says, "Well, that is great; you do know some words that are opposites! Words that are opposites are also called 'antonyms.'"

"Let's think of an antonym for each of these words." (Uncover the words on the chalkboard.) Ask the children to think of an antonym for each word and write them on the board. If they think of a different word than the ones listed here, and it is correct, write it on the board too.

For First Graders  For Second and Third Graders
Original WordAntonym  Original WordAntonym
biglittle (small)  farnear
boygirl  beforeafter
comego  underover
stopgo  alwaysnever
updown  camewent
herethere  drinkeat
inout  coldhot
meyou  firstlast
runwalk  foundlost
noyes  daynight
goodbad  offon
heshe  startstop
newold  thesethose
fathermother  bringtake
catdog  brothersister

Read the word pairs aloud as a group. Tell the students again that they are called antonyms. Repeat the word 'antonym' often as you teach the lesson.

Guided Practice
Next, hand out printing paper and pencils. Ask the students if anyone can use one of the words to make a sentence. As the students think of sentences, print them on the board as they print them on their papers. Then ask if someone else can use the antonym of the word to make a sentence. Continue this for several pairs of words. Read the sentences aloud.

Independent Practice
Ask the students to take a word and its antonym and make two sentences on their own. Monitor the students as they write, giving help as needed.
Let them continue until you are almost out of time for the lesson.

Ask several students to read their sentences aloud.

Assign specific antonyms to use in sentences for homework.

Create a matching words game for your classroom. Print words on 3" by 5" cards that can be matched to their antonyms. Store the game in a manila envelope or small box.